Cypriot presidential election, 2013
From Wikipedia: navigation, search Cypriot presidential election, 2013
Nominee Nicos Anastasiades Stavros Malas
Party DISY AKEL
Popular vote 236,965 175,267
Percentage 57.48% 42.52%
President before election
Presidential elections were held in Cyprus on 17 February 2013 and there was no candidate that obtained 50,00% of the vote from the first round. A runoff was held on 24 February 2013 with Nicos Anastasiades as the winner of the election.
Ex-president Demetris Christofias announced that he would not be seeking re-election. The candidates of this election included the Democratic Rally's Nicos Anastasiades, Stavros Malas with the support of AKEL, Praxoula Antoniadou, Lakis Ioannou with the support of LASOK, Loukas Stavrou, ELAM's Giorgos Charalambous, Giorgos Lillikas with the support of EDEK and independents Andreas Efstratiou, Makaria-Andri Stylianou, Kostas Kyriacou(Outopos) and Solon Gregoriou.
Timeline of the 2013 presidential election 2012February
11 February: At the Pancypriot Convention of DISY, Nicos Anastasiades confirms his intention to run for president
17 March: The Supreme Council of DISY approves Nicos Anastasiades as the candidate of the party over MEP Eleni Theocharous
6 April : Giorgos Lillikas, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the island, runs for president as an independent candidate
6 June: DIKO, Ecological and Environmental Movement, Evroko and EDEK fail to form a coalition of "National Unity"
21 June: The Central Committee of AKEL suggests to the Pancypriot Convention of the party, Stavros Malas
21 July: The members of the Pan-Cypriot Convention of AKEL officially back Stavros Malas
27 July: The Central Committee and the Supreme Bureau of EDEK officially back Giorgos Lillikas
30 August: DISY and DIKO agree for corporation. The Central Committee of DIKO determines its decision in mid-September
7 September: Stavros Malas runs officially as a presidential candidate with the support of AKEL
25 September: DIKO's Executive Bureau officially suggests to the Central Committee of the party to back Nicos Anastasiades
27 September: DIKO's Central Committee decides for the election (officially backs Anastasiades)
7 October : The members of the Pan-Cypriot Convention of the Ecological and Environmental Movement decide for the election
15 October : Stavros Malas resigns as Minister of Health caused by his duty as a candidate
17 October : Evroko's Executive Bureau decides that the party should not back any of the candidates
3 November : Evroko's Central Council decides for the election (1st choice: to accept Executive Bureau's decision; 2nd choice: to deny the Bureau's plan and hold a Pan-Cypriot Convention)
4 November : An electoral conference is held by the Ecological and Environmental Movement to make the decision official
2 January: Last day for the voters to register
14 January: The first presidential debate is held
18 January: The names of the candidates of the election are announced by the Central Electoral Service
28 January: The second presidential debate is held
11 February: The third presidential debate is held
17 February: Election Day:
7 am : voting process starts
6 pm : voting process ends
8 30 pm : The results are official
24 February : Second round
 Announcements of candidates and supports for the first roundDISY
The first candidate who confirmed the intention to be the candidate of his party was DISY's Nicos Anastasiades on 11 February 2012 at the Pancypriot Convention of the party. The Supreme Council of DISY (on 17 February) had to choose between Nicos Anastasiades and MEP, Eleni Theocharous. The Council voted in favour of Nicos Anastasiades with 673 votes (86.73%) and Eleni Theocharous with 103 votes (13.27%).
When president Christofias decided not to be seeking re-election for February 2013, in late July AKEL's Central Committee decided to suggest Minister of Health Stavros Malas to be the candidate of the party. On 21 July 2012 the Pancypriot Convention of AKEL voted in favour of Stavros Malas with 1183 votes (92.3%), against 81 (6.3%) and 17 abstentions (1.3%). Stavros Malas confirmed his candidacy with the support of AKEL on 7 September. On 15 October he resigned as Minister of Health .
Coalition attempt – EDEK
After a failed attempt by DIKO, Evroko, Ecological and Environmental Movement and EDEK to form a coalition, known as Intermediate political space (gr:Ενδιάμεσος πολιτικός χώρος- Endiamesos politikos horos), EDEK decided to back independent candidate Giorgos Lillikas ( who had already confirmed his candidacy on 6 April) on 27 July at the Central Committee of the party.
DIKO had two plans on the table. The first was to back Nicos Anastasiades and the second to back a candidate from DIKO. After the talks on 30 August between Nicos Anastasiades and the president of DIKO Marios Garoyian, the two leaders agreed for corporation. On 25 September the Executive Bureau of DIKO officially suggested the Central Committee to back Anastasiades. At the Central Committee on 27 September 117 members voted in-favour of Anastasiades (81.9%), 27 against and 2 abstained. The two parties had also talks with other parties such as Evroko and the Ecological and Environmental Movement to create and broaden a coalition of "National Unity".
Evroko was between to choose either Anastasiades or Lillikas. On 27 September (DIKO's decision day) president of Evroko Demetris Sillouris, had talks with Nicos Anastasiades and most possible scenario was to back DISY. Although, on 17 October Evroko's Executive Bureau decided not to back any of the candidates. At the Central Council, on 3 November, it had to be decided either the acceptance of EB's decision or denial. 75% of the members of the party voted in-favour of EB's decision and 25% against. The members can vote any of the two candidates (Lillikas-Anastasiades) they want.
Ecological and Environmental Movement
The Movement's Convention was held on 7 October. The members had the opportunity to decide which candidate would be backed by the Movement. The results were split between Lillikas and Anastasiades. Lillikas got 45% and Anastasiades 40%. An electoral conference was scheduled to be held on 4 November where the decision was going to be determined. The Movement would back the candidate who obtained 60% of the vote. Although no candidate obtained 60% of the vote and so the voters of the Movement can vote any of the candidates they want.(like Evroko did)
Candidates and supporting partiesEleven candidates were approved to participate in the elections. Each candidate had to be recommended by one Cypriot citizen and supported by eight more.
1st roundAll the names of the candidates were announced on 18 January. The names are:
Nicos Anastasiades, supported by DISY, DIKO, Social Alliance – Evroko (part), Ecological and Environmental Movement (part)
Stavros Malas, supported by AKEL
Giorgos Lillikas, supported by EDEK, Evroko (part), Ecological and Environmental Movement (part)
Lakis Ioannou, supported by LASOK
Praxoula Antoniadou, supported by EDI
Giorgos Charalambous, supported by ELAM
Loukas Stavrou, supported by EDIK
Kostas Kyriacou (Outopos)
2nd round Nicos Anastasiades, supported by DISY, DIKO, Evroko
Stavros Malas, supported by AKEL
Announcements of supports for the second roundEvroko
After the elimination of Giorgos Lillikas in the first round, Evroko decided to back Nicos Anastasiades.
Ecological and Environmental Movement
The Movement chose to keep the first decision.
When Lillikas didn't pass to the second round , the Executive Bureau decided not to endorse any of the remaining candidates. In contrast with EDEK, the Party of European Socialists (mother european political party of EDEK) endorsed Malas. This endorsement brought anger to some EDEK's MP.
Orthodox Church of Cyprus
The Archbishop of the Church of Cyprus, Chrysostomos II, endorsed Nicos Anastasiades at the second round.
DebatesCyprus Broadcasting Corporation had talks with all the spokespersons of the candidates. Lillikas and Malas wanted four debates, three before the first round and one before the second. Anastasiades wanted three (two for the first round and one for the second) because he believed that four debates would "harm the image" of the candidates. In a meeting with spokespersons of four large Cypriot media networks (Mega, ANT1, Sigma, RIK), it was proposed to hold five debates. In two debates all candidates would participate. The other three debates would be double, which means that they would be between two participants (Anastasiades-Malas, Malas-Lillikas, Anastasiades-Lillikas). However, on 7 November it was decided that three debates were going to be held before the first round and one before a possible second round.
The debates were held on 14 and 28 January and 11 February. The fourth and last presidential debate was held on 22 February. The structure of the debates was:
First presidential debate's subject of discussion was the Cypriot economy.
Second presidential debate's subject of discussion was the Cyprus dispute.
The third presidential debate's subject was the economy and interior problems of the island.
2-hour long debates.
20-second long questions and 2-minute long answers. Furthermore, journalists could ask a 15-second long sub-question and candidates had 30-second long answers.
At the end of each section candidates had a minute to comment other candidates' positions.
Guinness World Records logo disputeOn 29 January, the independent candidate Andreas Efstratiou was accused (by an anonymous citizen) of using the logo of Guinness World Records without the permission of the Corporation. The logo was printed on the ballot slip of the election. Efstratiou has been a holder of a Guinness World Record since 2007, when he created the longest wedding-gown train in the world. All the 545,180 ballot slips were destroyed and new ballot slips, without the logo, were printed. It was announced that €40,000 were wasted. The Central Electoral Service asked Efstratiou to pay at least €15,000. He refused, stating that he had 8 children and cannot afford the cost.
Results and reactionOn 24 February, Nicos Anastasiades won the presidential election with 57.48% of the vote; his opponent Stavros Malas received the remaining 42.52%. Of 545,000 eligible voters, 412,000 cast a ballot for one of the two candidates. In addition, the 81% turnout was lower than expected. It is believed that many people cast blank ballots or refused to vote out of protest. A week earlier, Anastasiades had won 45% of the first round vote with Malas receiving 27%, necessitating a second round of voting since no candidate a supermajority of the votes. In that round, Giorgos Lillikas won 24% of the vote and eight minor candidates received under 1% each.
Anastasiades' victory led to celebrations in the nation's capital of Nicosia and boosted hopes of reaching a financial bailout deal with international banks. Economist Stelios Platis remarked "I would expect the markets, and business, to welcome Anastasiades's victory because he knows the rules of the game very well." However, political analyst Alexander White said immediate resolution to Cyprus' debt problems was unlikely. Agence France-Presse remarked that Anastasiades represented a stark contrast to the outgoing government and speculated that "his perceived bias towards big business may put him on a collision course with influential and powerful trade unions". In his concession speech, Malas pledged to support Anastasiades "in actions and politics that we believe are followed for the good of the country".
Anastasiades will be sworn in on 28 February 2013 and will assume power on 1 March.